Category Archives: dyeing polyester

Is there a dye that can colour PET (polyethylene terephthalate)?

Name: Kathy
Country or region: Australia
Message: Hi Paula,
I’m wondering if there’s a dye that can colour PET (polyethylene terephthalate)?
Thanks for your help
Kathy

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Jacquard
iDye Poly


iDye Poly dyes polyester and other synthetic fabrics. 16 colors including black!

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Yes. PET is a common form of polyester, which can be dyed with a class of dyes known as disperse dye. Disperse dye is only slightly soluble in water, and works best on polyester when used with a carrier chemical. Without a carrier chemical, you can achieve only paler shades on polyester.

Dyes that are made for use on cotton or wool will not work on PET and other forms of polyester.

For more information, see my page, “Dyeing Polyester with Disperse Dyes“.

In Australia, you can buy disperse dyes under the brand name of Polysol, from Batik Oetoro, or Polytex, from Kraftkolour, or you can buy Jacquard brand iDye Poly (not iDye without the Poly, which is for natural fibers) from companies that import Jacquard products. For contact information for dye suppliers in your area, see my page, “Sources for Dyeing Supplies Around the World”.

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Paula

For polyester, do you know anything about Rit DyeMore (for synthetics)?

Name: Danielle
Location: California
Message: For polyester, do you know anything about Rit DyeMore (for synthetics)?

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Rit DyeMore
Advanced
Liquid Dye
for Synthetics

Dyes polyester and cotton-poly blends, acrylic, acetate and nylon by stove top dye method.

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Jacquard
iDye Poly


iDye Poly dyes polyester and other synthetic fabrics. 16 colors including black!

buy from
Amazon

Rit DyeMore, introduced only a year ago, contains a type of dye called disperse dye, which can be used to dye synthetic fibers including polyester, nylon, and acrylic. Disperse dye is the only type of dye that works on polyester. Rit All-Purpose dye cannot be used to dye polyester.

Alternative brands of disperse dyes produced for home use include two lines sold by PRO Chemical & Dye, PROSperse Disperse Dyes and PRO Transperse Transfer printing dyes, and iDye Poly, which is made by Jacquard Products. iDye Poly is available in sixteen different colors, and PROsperse in twelve. You can order PROSPerse dyes directly from PRO Chemical & Dye, while iDye Poly is sold by many suppliers of art materials, including Dharma Trading Company, and, if you’re lucky, some local fabric and art supply stores. Another source of disperse dye is Aljo Manufacturing in New York, which sells two different lines of disperse dyes, Aljo Acetate-Nylon dyes and Aljo Polyester disperse dyes. The Aljo Polyester disperse dyes are available in twenty-two colors. (For contact information for these suppliers, see “Sources for Dyeing Supplies Around the World”.)

It is impossible to tell which specific dyes are contained in the different colors of Rit DyeMore, which is not surprising because this is nearly always the case for dyes that are sold under the Rit name. (The only exception is the colorless ultraviolet-blocking Sun Guard dye.) They are probably among the lower-energy type of disperse dye, which require less heat or assisting carrier molecules, but which transfer more quickly to polyester from a dyebath than higher-energy disperse dyes.

I am not sure, but it seems possible that Rit DyeMore formulas may also contain direct dyes, in addition to the disperse dyes for polyester. Direct dye is for dyeing cotton, rayon, and silk. The Rit dye company appears to advise that DyeMore will also dye cotton or rayon, which we know that disperse dye is not good for, though they do say DyeMore will not dye wool. Disperse dye can stain cotton, but does not bond to it well enough to make it suitable for use as a cotton dye.

It’s important to note that there is no true black in the Rit DyeMore line of dyes. The darkest color in the range is “graphite”, which is a dark gray. For a true black on polyester, you should consider one of the other brands of disperse dye.

The colors available in the Rit DyeMore line are named as follows: Daffodil Yellow, Sand Stone (tan), Apricot Orange, Racing Red, Super Pink, Royal Purple, Sapphire Blue, Kentucky Sky, Peacock Green, Frost Gray, and Graphite. If the colors available in the DyeMore line do not match what you need for a specific project, they are not the best choice for mixing different colors. The yellow has too much orange in it to be an ideal mixing primary, and there is no pure cyan. I would recommend one of the other brands of disperse dye for color mixing.

Polyester requires high heat to accept disperse dyes. There are two ways you can supply this: either by boiling the fabric in a dyebath, which is a large pot of water with the dye and auxiliary chemicals, or using the dye to make designs on paper, which can then be transferred by ironing them on. Disperse dyes that have been selected to be suitable for the latter method are often labeled as “transfer dyes”. Rit DyeMore is intended only for use in the dyebath method.

Dyeing polyester with Rit DyeMore requires heating the fabric in the dye on the stovetop at a minimum of 180°F (82°C), preferably closer to boiling (212°F or 100°C), for at least thirty minutes. (Instructions are available at the Rit website). Other materials such as acetate and acrylic will generally take this sort of dye with less heating. The cooking pot used must be large enough for the material to move quite freely in the water, unless you are interested in a non-uniform “crumple dye” effect. As with all textile dyes that are not originally sold as food coloring, the Rit DyeMore dyes should not be used in cookware that you plan to reuse for food preparation, as some of the dyes or auxiliary chemicals may be toxic or carcinogenic when eaten. Aluminum pots are not recommended because the salt in the DyeMore mixture will tend to cause corrosion to the aluminum, but if you have an inexpensive aluminum pot that you don’t want to save for kitchen use, it’s worth trying. Stainless steel pots and enameled pots are the best choice; enameled pots are less expensive than stainless steel, but if they become chipped inside can contaminate the dyes with iron, resulting in dull colors.

One bottle of Rit DyeMore should be sufficient to dye one to two pounds of fabric, in three gallons of water in a sixteen-quart pot. Using a smaller cooking pot will result in less uniform colors. When dyeing a dark color, double the amount of dye used.

Comparison of costs: as is typical of Rit dyes, the DyeMore line is quite dilute, compared to other dyes, which makes it more expensive than would appear at first glance; the bottle contains more water than anything else, just as Rit Powder Dye is mostly salt and detergent. One seven-ounce bottle of Rit DyeMore costs $5, or about nine dollars on Amazon, and will dye one to two pounds of fabric. One small fourteen-gram packet of Jacquard iDye Poly costs $3.79 and will dye two to three pounds of fabric. PROsperse dye is more concentrated; while four grams of it is sufficient for a medium shade, and eight grams for a dark shade, fifteen grams costs only $2.49 (plus shipping) on the PRO Chemical & Dye website, and bulk quantities are available at a steep discount (e.g., four ounces, or 120 grams, for fourteen dollars).

Rit DyeMore, like Jacquard iDye Poly, is convenient for the beginning dyer who does not want to measure out salt or vinegar or other auxiliary chemicals. Nothing needs to be added to the DyeMore recipe, except for water and fabric. The formulation probably contains unspecified auxiliary chemicals known as dye carriers, which help polyester to accept dye without requiring temperatures well above boiling. iDye Poly contains a dye carrier chemical in a separate packet within the iDye Poly package; it should be omitted when dyeing synthetics other than polyester, such as acetate or acrylic, as it is not needed for them. Some dye carrier chemicals are rather toxic and smelly, and all should be used only with good ventilation. Be sure to keep at least a window open when dyeing polyester; better to have an outward-facing fan in one window, and an inward-facing fan in another. The Rit DyeMore MSDS [PDF] is uninformative, as it is the same one supplied for Rit All-Purpose Liquid dye, which contains entirely different dye chemicals.

It is a fine thing that Rit has introduced polyester dyes, because this may make them more accessible to more people, but the requirement to obtain a very large cooking pot for use with dyes, and not with food, makes immersion dyeing polyester an expensive project for the beginning dyer. Dyeing cotton with fiber reactive dyes requires much less investment, since they can be used at room temperature with plastic containers. Other brands of disperse dye cost significantly less than DyeMore per pound of fabric, and are available in colors that have been selected to be better for color mixing.

(Please help support this web site. Thank you.)

Paula

How can I paint a monarch butterfly onto a polyester wedding dress?

Name: Arielle
Country or region: CA
Message: I searched, but I cannot find this information. I need to paint a 100% polyester wedding dress (for my wedding) with orange, red, and black. I bought some iDye Poly, but I cannot immerse this dress, as I need to paint a monarch butterfly onto it with the dye. I was told that iDye Poly will still work if I use less water and then paint on what I want, then use a heat gun to set it. Is that true? If not, what do you suggest? Dye-na-flow? Tee Juice markers (this may be too expensive)?

Here’s my original post (No replies yet!): Hi dye experts, I am going to dye my wedding dress (for my actual wedding) to look like the picture below left. Monarch Butterfly Dress from Pinterest
It is 100% polyester (satin, ivory) in its current form (off the rack at David’s Bridal). To dye this dress, I bought iDye Poly in orange, red, and black. I need some advice on the best way to dye this! It would take way too many Tee Juice pens to do this the easy way (therefore, too expensive).

Every video I watch and every forum I read tells me to boil water, add in iDye Poly & intensifier, then put the fabric into a pot and stir. I can’t do this! I need to hand paint the dye onto this dress to get the effect I want (butterfly wings). I plan to use a sponge or sponge on a stick or something. I could use a paint brush, but the bristles may not make for an even spread, and I do not want the color to streak (like a brush might create). I could also use make up sponges, which might be easier than these flimsy 25 cent sponge/sticks.

I don’t want to burn my hands, so the temp can’t be too hot to touch, or I won’t be able to put pressure on the sponge to get a smooth, deep stroke. If you look at the dress in the Pinterest link above, it is hand-painted dye onto fabric. It happens to be 100% polyester, just like mine. I bought some test fabric (identical to my dress) and some iDye Poly. I want to do a test sometime this month (in my friend’s backyard).

Can you all give me advice and directions on how much water to mix with each packet of iDye Poly, as well as advice on how to make sure I get solid coverage (deep color) since I will need to let the water cool to a non-boiling temperature in order to sponge paint the dress. Any other thoughts / advice! Do I wash the dress after by hand? It’s going to be my wedding dress, and I don’t think I should machine wash it. I need it to look pristine for the wedding! :)

Thank you!

You cannot dye your wedding dress with iDye Poly, because you would indeed have to immerse the dress in a huge pot of boiling water with the dye in order for it to work. Even if your dress could survive such rough treatment, it will probably be impossible to find a cooking pot large enough for the fabric to move freely in it. Such a huge pot would be very expensive, anyway, especially since you should not plan to reuse a dyeing pot for food.

I would not choose iDye Poly for painting onto fabric and setting with a heat gun. Although iDye Poly does contain the right kind of dye for polyester, which is a type of dye known as disperse dye, this is not a standard method of dye application; artists have found more success using other techniques. If you were to try such an unorthodox method of dye application, you’d need to do a lot of testing, using the same fabric as was used in the dress, to determine what combination of techniques would work, and even then there would be a strong chance that it would not work as well as you would like. By painting disperse dye directly onto the fabric and then heat-setting, you would likely have bits of unset dye resting on the surface of the fabric, which would tend to rub off onto you and anything the dress touches. This could maybe present a possible health risk, since the dyes are not intended to be applied directly to the skin, and it could ruin furniture, walls that you brush against, anything you may be carrying, and even other people’s clothing when you brush against or hug them.

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Crayola Fabric Crayons

are disperse dye iron-on transfer crayons, not at all like the ordinary wax crayons they so closely resemble.

You have two main possibilities: one is to use a fabric paint (including fabric markers) that works on polyester (not all fabric paints or markers do), and the other is to create your own dye iron-ons, using disperse dye. Although disperse dye is the kind of dye that is used in iDye Poly, you will probably want to use a different brand of disperse dye, one that has been packaged for use in making iron-on transfers. (Save the iDye Poly you have already purchased for another project.) iDye Poly is packaged specifically for use in dyebaths, with an inner wrapper that dissolves in water. While there are many different disperse dyes, the ones selected for use in the iDye Poly are best for use in boiling water bath. There are other lines of disperse dye that have been selected to be more suitable for use in making transfer prints.

I have never used Tee Juice Markers on polyester satin, only on cotton. They do flow nicely during application, but they leave a stiffened area in the fabric, which will not drape quite as nicely as fabric which has been colored with transfer dyes. Dye-Na-Flow fabric paint flows easily, as the name implies, but it too changes the feel and drape of the fabric a little, though not as drastically as other fabric paints or as the Tee Juice Markers. It leaves only a slight feel on the fabric, if you dilute it before application. Note that all fabric paints tend to work better on natural fibers than they do on polyester; some brands will not cling to synthetic fibers at all, but even those that do work on polyester tend to look better on cotton or rayon. This is exactly the opposite of transfer dyes made from disperse dye, which look their very best on polyester satin, and make no change at all in the feel or sheen of the polyester fabric.

You really do need to test whatever techniques you choose to try. You definitely want to gain a little expertise before you even approach your wedding dress to color it. It’s excellent that you have already acquired some test fabric. I was about to advise you to go to a fabric store now, to find the closest match of some fabric made of the same fiber content (100% polyester), with a similar weave, texture, color, and sheen. Buy one Tee Juice Marker for your test, or one of each color, and buy one jar of a likely color of a fabric paint whose label indicates that it will work on polyester, such as Dye-Na-Flow, and buy some disperse dye crayons. You will probably want to mail-order a different kind of polyester dye more suitable for painting your own iron-ons, which on a large scale will be the most economical and least tiring method for this project, but for your very first tests you can just buy some disperse dye crayons, either online or at the fabric store. Look for Crayola Fabric Crayons, or Dritz transfer crayons; if you see only another brand, the keys to look for are “transfer crayons” and instructions to use only on synthetic fabrics. (Do not confuse these transfer crayons with the ordinary wax crayons they look just like! Ordinary crayons do not work for this at all.) You should also buy some large white paper, either on a roll or in big sheets, such as a very large inexpensive pad of blank newsprint paper, at least eighteen inches by twenty-four inches in size, the type that art students use in life drawing class; if you don’t find this elsewhere, go to an art supply store, or even a store that sells supplies for packing for moving.

The advantage of making your own disperse dye iron-ons is that the dye can look very good, with absolutely brilliant colors, better than any paint or marker. With iron-ons, as opposed to painting directly on the fabric and using a heat gun to set, you also have the advantage of not having any unbound dye sitting on the surface of the fabric. The only dye that transfers to the fabric is properly absorbed into it.

To create your iron-ons, you can use the transfer crayons to draw onto paper, or you can mix up your own paint using disperse transfer dye. (Some disperse dyes are better for transferring than others are, so it is best to buy disperse dyes that are specifically labeled as transfer dyes.) The colors will look dull on paper, but don’t worry; they get far more brilliant when they are transferred to the polyester fabric. Let the paint dry, if that’s what you’re using, or brush any crumbs of the transfer crayons off of the paper, then place the paper against the fabric with the colored side touching it, and cover with more paper to protect your iron (or follow the directions you find on the transfer crayon package). For your tests you can simply work on an ironing board that has been protected with many layers of newspaper or scrap fabric, keeping in mind that transfer dye can easily penetrate through several layers. Using a hot clothing iron, follow the instructions for pressing the paper so that the dye transfers. If you can get access to a t-shirt press it would work even better than a clothes iron, since it is bigger. You can reuse the same piece of paper several times, with the color intensity getting dimmer with each pass, or, if you choose, you can simply reapply the color in the same places on the paper before reusing the paper to create more of the same design. This can really save a lot of effort for a design which has as much repetition as yours will.

Coloring enough paper for a large dress with transfer crayons would be tiring, plus the final effect, while wonderfully brilliant, really is reminiscent of crayon coloring. This can be great but only if that’s the effect you are going for. The best way to do large expanses of fabric is to make your own disperse dye paint, and paint it onto the paper. An excellent source for the dye is PRO Chemical & Dye, in Massachusetts. Look at their PRO Transperse Transfer Printing Dyes. They provide good instructions on a PDF page. This is by far the most economical alternative for decorating large amounts of polyester fabric. You can use any sort of paintbrush or applicator you like, and you can thicken your transfer dye paint to make it flow as much or as little as you want it to, on the paper, when you paint it. Remember that the dye must be completely dry before you do the heat transfer.

You should test one or two Tee Juice markers on your piece of test polyester and compare the colors and textures to those you get with a small test jar of fabric paint and with transfer printing. I am afraid that doing large amounts of a full skirt with markers would be as fatiguing as doing the same with transfer crayons. Your hands will thank you for using transfer dyes you’ve made into paint, or, if you choose to go for a paint such as Dye-Na-Flow, quart-sized jars of fabric paint (you can order these from Dharma Trading Company). I recommend you plan to use the markers only for fine details after you have done the majority of your design with another material.

No matter how much or how little time you may have available for this project, testing is absolutely essential. You will need to test your techniques and decide which materials you like best, before you invest a lot of effort and material in a technique that may not meet your needs.

(Please help support this web site. Thank you.)

Paula